Low vision is a broad term for conditions resulting in reduced sight that cannot entirely be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicines or surgery. It can affect central and/or peripheral vision. Many eye disorders can lead to low vision, including macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts. Injury to the eye or to a portion of the brain involved in sight can also produce low vision.
To save your sight
Learn your risk factors for various eye disorders and get regular eye exams.
Reduce eye disease risk—quit smoking.
Wear sunglasses that protect against UV and blue light to help prevent eye damage.
Eat a diet high in dark, leafy and colorful vegetables and fruits; properly balance omega-3 essential fatty acids found in fish, nuts and seeds versus omega-6 essential fatty acids found in processed and baked foods; ask your eye doctor about nutritional supplements.
Maintain good blood sugar control to delay or prevent vision loss from diabetic eye disease.
To manage low vision
Get a low vision evaluation (which is different from an ordinary eye exam) by a Low Vision Specialist. Your eye doctor can recommend a Low Vision Specialist, or you can search for local low vision services at www.afb.org, the American Foundation for the Blind.
With your Low Vision Specialist, learn to utilize remaining vision to its fullest potential by investigating special eyewear, adaptive equipment such as speech recognition and computer navigation programs, special television systems and other independent living aids.
Improve lighting and reduce glare in your home and surroundings.
Increase the contrast in things you use daily (put coffee in a white cup; use a dark, fat-tipped pen, etc.).
Retina South Africa – Tel: 011 622 4904/ 9404
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Managing low vision
American Academy of Ophthalmology
(415) 561 8500
Visit www.aao.org/smartsight and check “handout” or ask your doctor to provide you with a printout.
Low Vision Products
American Academy of Optometry